Banjarmasin (ANTARA News) - The earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan some time ago has affected the growth of Indonesian exports to the country or vice versa.
Recognized Expert Staff Chairman of Bappenas for Natural Resources and Environment Umiyatun Biological Triastuti that the volume of exports of major commodities from Indonesia to Japan have declined significantly post-tsunami also damaged the nuclear power plant facility in Fukushima.
"The tsunami of Japanese expected to disrupt the country's economic growth until the end of the year the Sun is quite influential in Indonesia's exports," said Umiyatun in the event Council Local Development Plan in Banjarmasin in South Kalimantan, on Wednesday.
Some of Indonesia's commodities are exported to Japan, among others, shrimp, commodities, and some other. Figures decline in exports, said Umiyatun, was reviewed including how big the impact on economic growth in Indonesia.
Previously, Bank Indonesia Banjarmasin also issued a release about the condition of export of Japan's post-tsunami South Kalimantan.
Regional Director of Bank Indonesia's Kalimantan region Khairil Anwar said the Japanese economy which is known advanced and modern was shaken by the earthquake and tsunami that had devastating lantakkan most of the area as the center of agricultural production and processing industry.
A number of important infrastructure supporting the country's economy, such as roads, bridges, and nuclear power plants in Fukushima, Onagawa, and Tokai fall apart.
Under these conditions, Japan's economic growth is expected to shrink 1 percent to 2 percent and is expected perlambatannya expected to continue until the end of 2011.
According to him, due to the slow recovery process due to the wide fiscal deficit not to mention the crisis of nuclear reactors and radiation leaks that may require a long time to restore it to its original condition.
Considering Japan is one export destination countries of Borneo, he said, should not be much impact on export performance in this area.
According to him, the experience of the previous quarter, when the Japanese economy experienced contraction of minus 0.3 percent, the impact on exports is relatively small compared to the increase of Borneo aggregate exports.
In fact, he added, when compared with Japanese exports to third quarter 2009 when Japan's GDP contraction recorded minus 0.5 percent, the portion of Borneo exports to Japan rose in line with higher international commodity prices.
These conditions, he added, indicating that the movement of Japan's GDP growth is not always parallel with the export value of Borneo to the Japanese.
In addition, most of the exports to Japan is a commodity that is still widely open its market share in international markets, making it easily transferable to other countries that require such commodities as coal and rubber.
During 2010 the export value of coal reached 2.49 billion U.S. dollars or 77.8 percent of total exports to Japan Kalimantan.
While rubber exports 106 million U.S. dollars or about 4 percent of total exports to Japan Kalimantan. However, it still must watch out for, especially for the wood processing industry, especially in the form of the base mat and the like that the majority of demand is a Japanese citizen, it can definitely be affected.
Export value for the wood processing industry in Japan reached 368 million U.S. dollars or 11.5 percent of total exports to Japan Kalimantan, and involve much labor in it.
Therefore, the need for added Khairil intervention of local governments to assist employers to find alternative export destinations to other countries for wood processing industry can still exist.