Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Incidents Largest Oil Tanker Accident

1. Amoco Cadiz

Amoco Cadiz is a VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier), which ran aground off the coast of Brittany, France on March 16, 1978. The entire cargo of 68.7 million gallons of oil spilled into the sea, polluting about 200 miles off the Brittany coastline.

2. Arabian Gulf Oil Spill

Beginning in late January of 1991 Gulf War, Iraqi Army destroyed tankers, oil refineries and oil wells in Kuwait, causing the release of approximately 900 million barrels of oil. This is the largest oil spill in history.

3. Argo Merchant

On December 15, 1976, Argo Merchant run aground on Fishing Rip (Nantucket Shoals), 29 miles southeast of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. Six days later, the ship broke and spilled the entire cargo of 7.7 million gallons of No. 6 fuel oil.

4. Barge Bouchard 155

On August 10, 1993, three ships collided in Tampa Bay, Florida: the barge Bouchard 155, the Freighter Balsa 37, and the barge Ocean 255. Bouchard 155 barge spilled 336,000 gallons of crude oil into Tampa Bay.

5. Barge Cibro Savannah

On March 6, 1990, Savannah Cibro bursting into flames when it departed from the jetty at Citgo facility in Linden, New Jersey. Approximately 127,000 gallons of oil remain effective after the incident. No one knows how much oil burned and how much is spilled into the environment.

6. Burmah Agate

On November 1, 1979, the Burmah Agate collided with the freighter Mimosa southeast of Galveston Entrance in the Gulf of Mexico. The collision caused an explosion and fire on the Burmah Agate that burned until January 8, 1980. An estimated 2.6 million gallons of oil released into the environment, and another 7.8 million gallons were consumed by fire.

7. Exxon Valdez

On March 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The tank is looking way beyond the normal shipping lanes in an attempt to avoid ice. As a result of crude oil spilled as much as 10.8 million gallons (of the total cargo of 53 million gallons), and affects more than 1,100 miles of continuous non-coastal Alaska. Government and Federal agencies continue to monitor the impact of this spill, which is the largest oil spill in U.S. history.

8. I Ixtoc

Exploration wells as deep as 2 miles, Ixtoc I, exploded on June 3, 1979 in the Bay of Campeche Ciudad del Carmen, Mexico. When the well is controlled in March 1980, about 140 million gallons of oil had spilled into the bay. This incident is the largest oil spill accident number 2.

9. Jupiter

On September 16, 1990, fire broke out at Jupiter tanker loading and unloading is done at an oil refinery on the Saginaw River near Bay City, Michigan, and the ship exploded.

10. Megaborg

The Megaborg spilling 5.1 million gallons of oil. The incident happened 60 nautical miles south-southeast of Galveston, Texas on June 8, 1990.