Friday, June 17, 2011

Sultan Bashiruddin Muslims from Pakistan Nuclear Expert

Muslim world not only able to create a series of leading scientists in the golden age. Even in the modern era, the Islamic world have so many important scientists, the gait and dedication has been recognized worldwide.
One of the important scientists who owned Muslims in modern times is the Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood. He was a nuclear expert from Pakistan. Shiruddin Ba was born in 1938 in Amratsar, India. When he was nine years old, he and his family moved to Pa Pakistani after the country reached independence from Britain in 1947.

Bashiruddin comes from a family dispossessed. His father was just a poor social worker in Lahore, Pakistan. Poverty does not make her neglectful father to his son's education. Earning a mediocre, his father send Bashiruddin with a vengeance.

Support and encouragement of his father Bashiruddin not wasted. Since young, he is quite a child smart. Bashiruddin very interested in the world of knowledge. He is different from other children who are less concerned with education.

He was even willing to walk without wearing shoes berkilokilo meters toward the school, in pursuit citacitanya become a scientist. Seeing learning yang buoyant spirit, her father was sending Bashiruddin in the School of Government Lahore - the best schools in those days.

Thanks to the extraordinary intelligence, Bashiruddin also received a scholarship from the government and could continue her studies at the University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore. After complete pendidikannnya in the study program of Electrical Engineering, early 1960, Bashiruddin joined Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).

Then he got a master's degree Nuclear Engineering from The University of Manchester, England. He continued to hone his skills in the field of Nuclear Engineering (Nuclear Engineering) by continuing his studies at the Nuclear Technology Consortium Eduaction in Manchester.

Bashiruddin saw the potential and intelligence, the British government asked him to work in the country with various lucrative offers. However, such a high kecintanannya to Pakistan, a variety of attractive offers that were rejected. He decided to return to his country and dedicate themselves working at PAEC.

In early 1970, Bashiruddin managed to find a tool to detect heavy water leaks or water leaks on a nuclear development facility called Probe SBM (SBM is an abbreviation of its name). Leakage of heavy water is a problem that often occurs in the developer's nuclear facilities around the world.

Findings in the world of nuclear are very influential on his career. In fact, his invention is still used by the developers of the nuclear states at this time. In 1974, he became Director of the uranium enrichment project under PAEC at the request of the Pakistani government.

Later, he built a laboratory to produce Low-Enriched Uranium (LEU) or Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU). He also designed and established the Nuclear Fuel Factory. Later he became director general of the Nuclear Power of PAEC from 1996 to 1998.

Bashiruddin ambitions to enrich uranium fueled nuclear launch India's action in 1974. He sees it as a threat to his country, Pakistan. Bashiruddin known as a very nationalistic. So he does not let his country faces security threats from other countries.

Bashiruddin see genius in the nuclear field, it seems Western countries began to feel frightened. Even the U.S. government under the leadership of George W. Bush pointed at helping the Taliban in making nuclear bombs. And the CIA clearly stated that he was not involved with Al Qaeda network.

After retiring from his position as Director General of the Nuclear Power of PAEC, Bashiruddin dedicated himself in the humanitarian field such as procurement of food, health, and education, but the Bush administration is not a disbelief.

In late 2001, he was arrested at a house in Islamabad for 53 days by Pakistani Intelligence Agencies Pa at the request of the United States. While detained, he was questioned by agents of the CIA repeatedly.

Even his son, Dr. Asim Mahmood, a neurosurgeon at the Hospital Sir Ganga Ram, Pakistan joined the CIA explained that his father (Bashiruddin) was once asked by Osama Bin Laden to make nuclear bombs, but he balked at the request.

Making a nuclear bomb''was not easy, you need a lot of money and a great institution. You'd better forget it. I will not make nuclear bombs. Moreover pe Pakistani government will not kai likes it,''said Bashirudin.

During his detention, the CIA and Pakistani Intelligence Agencies found no evidence of involvement with Al-Qaeda Bashirudin. He was no evidence helped create Al-Qaeda's Weapon of Mass distruction (WMD).

Allegations addressed to Nashiruddin was sparked fears of Western countries, primarily America's ability to create nuclear weapons. Finally in 2001 cracked De Bashirudin could breathe free air. In 2002, she lived in her house in Islamabad with his wife, his son, also cu cunya enjoy a peaceful life.

Thanks to the dedication and devotion, Bashirudidn awarded numerous awards from both within and outside the country. Government of Pakistan to somebody gerahinya Sitara-i-Imtiaz (Star of Ex cellence) for his contributions to science and nuclear physics in 1998.

Sitara-i-Imtiaz is an award given Pakis tan government for its citizens who have contributed in the fields of literature, art, medicine, and science. The award is usually given during the independence day of Pakistan.

In 1998, he also received his gold medal from the Pakistan Academy of Sciences for his contributions to science. Moreover, science was useful for the prosperity of mankind. In the same year, he also gets U.S. gold medal from the U.S. Institute of Historical Biographies.

Indeed, it has a two-sided nuclear positive or negative, depending on how humans use it. As long as nuclear energy is used for positive things like the development of nuclear power that does not matter. However, it nu klir would be fatal if used to attack other countries in the world.

The works of the Nuclear Experts

In addition to experts in the nuclear field, Bashiruddin also writes books, good books about Islam and about science. He was renowned as a religious person in the world of academia Pakistan.

Bashiruddin has written 15 books on Islam. Some of his famous book, among others, Doomsday and Life After Death (the Day of Judgement and Life After Death) which contains the interpretation of doomsday is based on scientific explanation according to the Koran. He also wrote a book entitled Muhammad: The First & the Last Cosmology and Human Destiny (Muhammad: Cosmology First & Last and Destiny of Man). He also wrote commentaries on the Koran, published 2005.

Some of his other works include: The Book of E Zindagi, Mawara, Taseer ul Bayan, Qiyamat or Bad Hayat al-Mot, the Quran Aik Sciency Mojza, Talash e Haqeeqat, Al fozul Azeem, Qiyama Motalik Heyrat angez Peshgoiyan key, key Qiyama Motalik Heyrat angez Sciency Mushahidat o Tajrbat, First and the Last, Children Rhymes, Our Journey Through Time and Space, the Quran Pak, Pahliy or Akhriy Haqeeqat, and Dharhi.

Besides actively writing, he also chaired the Dar-ul-Hikmat International, an NGO founded in 1987. Dar-ul-Hikmat was established to develop the research relationship between the Qur'an with modern scientific discoveries. He is also active in humanitarian projects such as food, health, education and especially since the devastating earthquake in Pakistan in October 2005.

Bashiruddin concern against the interests of mankind are not only addressed to the general public. In fact, she also cares for the lives, the prisoners live in Pakistan. He wants the inmates in the country can get a better life, so breathe free air.

He then formed an informal group of fellow inmates to learn together. He also built libraries whose book abundant as the media learned of the inmates. In addition, Bashiruddin also help people who are not guilty so he could get out of jail.

A number of successful achievement of the nuclear experts, among others:
  • * Completing the atomic number of projects in Pakistan.
  • * Establishing Kahuta Nuclear Enrichment Program in Pakistan in 1974.
  • * Design and build the Khushab Nuclear Power Plant, this is the only Nuclear Power Plant which was made ​​by an expert from the Muslim world to produce Plutonium and Tritium.
  • * Perform a variety of discoveries in the field of nuclear technologies that are important for the development and utilization of nuclear power.
  • * Active in spreading nuclear technology for peaceful use for the benefit of mankind as to the activities of medicine, agriculture, and industry.
  • * Even become a pioneer in conducting research that links between the Qur'an and science
  • * Chairman of the Holy Quran Research Foundation, in Islamabad. dya / taq